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Domestic, commercial and industrial air conditioning: what are the main differences?

Domestic, commercial and industrial air conditioning

Installing air conditioning ensures that the environment you live or work in maintains a comfortable temperature all year round.  Not all air conditioning systems work in the same way, however, and different types of units are better suited to domestic, commercial and industrial situations.

Domestic Air Conditioning

Home air conditioning systems are energy efficient and offer high levels of comfort without costing the earth.  They can be installed in a single room, or throughout your entire home.  You can choose where in your home you want the units installed, but most homeowners choose to keep a regulated temperate in bedrooms to aid sleep and living spaces for additional comfort.

They are usually operated using a split system that connects a single indoor unit to an outdoor unit to cool a single room.  Larger homes could benefit from a multi-split system that can connect multiple units to a single outdoor unit, to heat or cool multiple rooms, whilst offering individual room controls.

Both single and multiple split systems accumulate condensation on the coil and have a built-in tray to prevent water trickling into your home.  The tray is angled and has a hole at the bottom of the slope, so that water can move out and into a drainpipe that moves the water away from the home.

Split air conditioning systems contain high-pressure refrigerant that cools the warm air when it encounters it, to improve the temperature within the room.

Do you need help installing the right air conditioning system for your space? Call us on 01179 523355 or fill in our contact form with any queries you may have and we will get back to you.

Commercial Air Conditioning

Commercial buildings are always expected to maintain a regulated temperature both for the comfort of the staff that work there and visitors who come through the door.  In order to ensure that this expectation is met, modern-day commercial air conditioning units offer high spec components, efficient energy usage and individual zone controls.

There are a variety of options available depending on the type and size of your commercial building.  Long, thin, high-level wall-mounted air conditioners are the most common air conditioning units used in offices. A single unit would be suitable for cooling a small group of people, and multiple units can be installed to keep the temperature of entire offices or large retail spaces regulated.

These types of units are almost silent, easy on the eye and do not use an excessive amount of energy.  Working on a split system, the drainage will be contained in the external unit(s) and your staff or visitors will not even notice their presence.

Ceiling-mounted ‘cassette’ units are also very popular in modern offices that have false or suspended ceilings. They are easily hidden in the structure of the ceiling panels, yet still provide four-way airflow making them ideal for large offices.  Some cassettes even have individually controlled louvres so that you can direct the air around the office.

Ducted air conditioning systems are the most complicated of all commercial air-conditioning systems but are also the most efficient and long-lasting. Hidden behind suspended ceilings, there lies an extensive network of duct-work and internal units, with discreet grills pumping cool air into communal spaces.

Installing a ducted air conditioning system is a significant amount of work, which should ideally be undertaken in new build commercial premises and not as part of a retrofit operation.

All these types of unit are usually powered using variable refrigerant flow (VRF) or variable refrigerant volume (VRV) technology. These systems can provide hot or cool air to large applications including hotels, retail spaces and offices.

Industrial Air Conditioning

Industrial air conditioning is used to ensure the correct operation of equipment, to carry out specialised industrial processes or to store temperature-sensitive items. It is imperative that industrial air conditioning systems remain in operation regardless of the conditions outside the premises. Industrial air-conditioning requires precision temperature and humidity control, that may need to be delivered via a high functioning filter system and only after the removal of contaminants.

Industrial HVAC units contain all of the components of a split system in one single unit, and are generally referred to as “packaged units”.  The supply, return, filters, coolant, lines, compressors and blower fans are enlarged versions of anything you would find in a domestic unit, the only difference is, they can control multiple spaces at precise temperatures for long periods of time.

Residential, Commercial and Industrial Air Conditioning Systems From Total Environmental Kooling

As the leading supplier of air conditioning in Bristol, we can assist with all of your domestic, commercial or industrial air conditioning requirements across the UK.  Speak to us today on 0117 952 3355 or fill in our contact form to find out more.